||Type of Test
|Reading: 1, 65-min section; Math: 1, 25-min section (no calculator) & 1, 55-min section (w/ calculator); Writing & Language: 1, 35-min section; Essay: 1, 50-min section (optional)
||English: 1, 45-min section; Math: 1, 60-min section; Reading: 1, 35-min section; Science: 1, 35-min section; Writing: 1, 40-min essay (optional)
|Reading, relevant words in context, math, grammar & usage, analytical writing (optional)
||Grammar & usage, math, reading, science reasoning, and writing (optional)
|Questions are evidence and context-based in an effort to focus on real-world situations and multi-step problem-solving
||Straightforward, questions may be long but are usually less difficult to decipher
|Math and Evidence-Based Reading & Writing are each scored on a scale of 200-800. Composite SAT score is the sum of the two section scores and ranges from 400-1600
||English, Math, Reading, and Science scores range from 1-36. Composite ACT score is the average of your scores on the four sections; ranges from 1-36
|No – you do not lose points for incorrect answers
||Penalty for Wrong Answers?
||No – you do not lose points for incorrect answers
|Yes – you can choose which set(s) of SAT scores to submit to colleges. However, some colleges require or recommend that students submit all scores. Students should review the score-reporting policy of each college to which they plan to apply.
||Yes – you can choose which set(s) of ACT scores to submit to colleges. However, some colleges require or recommend that students submit all scores. Students should review the score-reporting policy of each college to which they plan to apply.
|Math questions generally increase in difficulty level as you move through that question type in a section. Reading passage questions generally progress chronologically through the passage, not by difficulty level. Writing & Language passage questions do not progress by difficulty level.
||For the English and Reading sections, the difficulty level of the questions is random. For the Math section, questions generally increase in difficulty as you progress through the section. For the Science section, passages generally increase in difficulty as you progress through the test, and questions generally become more difficult as you progress through a passage.
|Arithmetic, problem-solving & data analysis, Heart of algebra, geometry, pre-calculus, and trigonometry; formulas provided
||Arithmetic, algebra I and II, functions, geometry, trigonometry; no formulas are provided
|Seven times per year: March or April, May, June, August, October, November, December
||Seven times per year: February, April, June, July, September, October, December
|Typically about four weeks before the test date
||Typically about five to six weeks before the test date